Santander to be grilled by Commission

first_img SPAIN’S Santander will join the UK’s largest banks in facing individual grillings by the government’s independent banking commission when the private phase of the review gets under way next year.The commission’s official consultation launches tomorrow when ex-OFT boss Sir John Vickers, the chairman, publishes an initial “issues paper” setting out its agenda. The two main priorities for the review will be increasing the amount of competition in the retail banking sector and the much-debated prospect of splitting up bank’s investment and retail operations, as well as a discussion of the impact of recent hard-hitting regulatory changes such as Basel III and US President Barack Obama’s sweeping Dodd-Frank reforms.The first part of the review, between now and Christmas, will be a “public phase” designed to engage the man on the street with the decision-making process. It will involve a series of public debates, possibly televised, where senior banking figures will put their arguments forward alongside other interested parties such as regulators, consumer organisations and academics.Early next year, the commission will move into a closed period, when it will privately interrogate executives at the helm of the UK’s largest banks – Barclays, Lloyds Banking Group, HSBC and Royal Bank of Scotland – as well as Santander, which has a heavy presence on the UK high street after its purchases of Bradford & Bingley, Abbey and Alliance & Leicester.Input from foreign banks and smaller UK players will be welcomed, according to those close to the commission, though their boards will not face individual grillings from Vickers and his team – former Barclays boss Martin Taylor; Claire Spottiswoode, the ex-head of gas regulator Ofgas; JP Morgan’s former co-head of investment banking Bill Winters; and FT columnist Martin Wolf. Santander to be grilled by Commission Share whatsapp Show Comments ▼ Tags: NULL whatsapp Wednesday 22 September 2010 8:01 pm KCS-content Time Line | a year in the life of the banking commissionFriday 24 SeptemberCommission launches its consultation with the publication of an “issues paper” setting out the problems facing the industry and the top priorities for its investigation over the next year.September – December 2010“Public phase” of the consultation begins, during which the commission is set to hold a series of debates open to the general public. Five or six debates will be held across the country, with arguments put forward by senior figures from the banking industry, regulators, consumer groups, academics, ex-industry figures and businesses. It has also invited responses from smaller UK banks, foreign banks and building societies.January – April 2011The commission is set to hold a number of private interrogations for the most influential banks on an individual basis, meeting with the chairmen and chief executives of the UK’s largest banks and Santander, which bought out Abbey, Alliance & Leicester and Bradford & Bingley over the course of the crisis.Spring 2011Commission publishes an “options paper” setting out a shortlist of its most likely recommendations. A final period of consultation will follow over the summer.September 2011Commission due to publish its final recommendations. last_img read more

Presiding Bishop talks about finding holy, common ground at National…

first_img Rector Tampa, FL Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Tags Associate Rector Columbus, GA This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Featured Events Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Press Release Service Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET Faith & Politics, [Episcopal News Service] Washington National Cathedral hosted a virtual event focused on healing the divisions in American society on Nov. 20, featuring a discussion between Presiding Bishop Michael Curry and Russell Moore, executive director of the Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention.The conversation was the latest in a series of events hosted by the cathedral centered around the themes of national unity and reconciliation, including a Nov. 1 pre-election interfaith prayer service, “as an opportunity for Americans to explore understanding across our differences and engaging each other with dignity and respect.”It was moderated by Krista Tippett, creator and host of the public radio show “On Being,” which focuses on spirituality in everyday life. For about an hour, the three talked about the present state of the country, the role of faith in bridging divides and their own personal experiences with reconciliation and healing.Highlighting a theme of his remarks, Curry shared a quote from Booker T. Washington that was often repeated in his home when he was growing up: “Never let any man drag you so low as to hate him.”Curry and Moore demonstrated mutual respect transcending the differences in their racial backgrounds, faith traditions and beliefs. Both have dealt with the hot-button issue of sexuality and inclusion of LGBTQ people in their denominations, reaching different conclusions and encountering resistance but always affirming the dignity of those they disagreed with.Although many political and religious leaders – including Curry – have called for civility in public discourse, both men expressed a desire to take that a step further. Moore noted that, especially in Southern culture, politeness can be deployed as a way to trivialize others’ concerns and dismiss them. Christians, he said, are called to see the image of God in every person.“I hate the word civility, largely, although I will take it,” Moore said. “I understand what people mean by it, but I think it’s too low of a bar. I think what the Scripture calls us to is to both conviction – not an evaporating of our differences – but also to kindness and active love for even those people who disagree with us.”Curry agreed that the objective is not to paper over our differences, but to recognize them as part of God’s diverse creation. That recognition represents “spiritual maturity,” he said.“I just believe that Jesus of Nazareth came among us to show us the way to be reconciled with God and to be reconciled with each other,” Curry said. “God’s vision of the entire human family [is] learning to live together in love and charity with all of our differences, holding on to our integrities.”“We can find those places,” Moore added, “and then move forward as human beings who disagree, including about some really important and significant things, and are willing to have those conversations without suggesting that every point of disagreement is necessarily weaponized.”The program was co-hosted by the National Institute for Civil Discourse, which was created by the University of Arizona after the 2011 shooting in Tucson that killed six people and wounded 13, including former U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords. The institute’s Golden Rule 2020 initiative, which Curry has endorsed, encourages Americans to apply the Golden Rule to political interactions. Fostering civil discourse has been a focus of The Episcopal Church’s Office of Government Relations this year, with resources designed to promote civil engagement across differences, and truth over disinformation.Tippett addressed the crisis of truth and decency in American political discourse, asking how it is possible to reconcile with and understand people who do not accept facts, or who are openly hostile.“There’s people who have said, ‘You know, we can’t even agree on facts. How can we converse?’” Tippett said. “How can I be in relationship with people who have been demeaning to me or threatening to me?”Curry and Moore advised focusing on areas of common ground – even if you have to start at the smallest or most basic level. Moore shared a story of connecting with a pastor he disagreed with over their shared love of the poet Wendell Berry. The point, he and Curry said, is not to try and convince other people to see things your way, but to understand more about what life experiences have led them to their conclusions. Curry told of a priest in Utah who, after the 2016 election, brought people in his town together, not to debate political issues, but to tell stories about how they formed their beliefs.“Whenever someone reveals the story of their life, that ground on which they’re standing is holy ground. That’s common ground. We’re human, and we’ve got a story. If I listen to yours and you to mine, we won’t agree on a whole lot, but we’ll understand each other, and that’s common ground,” Curry said.– Egan Millard is an assistant editor and reporter for Episcopal News Service. He can be reached at [email protected] Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Curate Diocese of Nebraska Ecumenical & Interreligious, Rector Shreveport, LA An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Rector Washington, DC In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Director of Music Morristown, NJ Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Rector Hopkinsville, KY Rector Albany, NY Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Rector Martinsville, VA Rector Knoxville, TN By Egan MillardPosted Nov 20, 2020 Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Submit a Job Listing Rector Bath, NC Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Featured Jobs & Calls Submit an Event Listing Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Rector Belleville, IL Rector Collierville, TN Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Submit a Press Release Presiding Bishop Michael Curry Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Rector Pittsburgh, PA Presiding Bishop talks about finding holy, common ground at National Cathedral event on healing divisions Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Youth Minister Lorton, VA Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Rector Smithfield, NC TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab last_img read more

Jonathan Pelissie stars as Montpellier thrash Clermont in Round 7

first_imgFriday Sep 27, 2013 Jonathan Pelissie stars as Montpellier thrash Clermont in Round 7 Montpellier’s impressive 43-3 win over Clermont last week propelled scrumhalf Jonathan Pelissie into the headlines after he scored two tries and notched up 31 points. This follows on from his great performance against Toulouse.Pelissie has shown the kind of form and dynamism that is sure to excite not only his own club’s fans, but those across the country. The 25-year-old former Grenoble player scored a fantastic try against Toulouse, then followed up in Round 7 with two against Clermont.He was up against France scrumhalf Morgan Parra, who scored the first points of the game with a penalty in the second minute, but that was all Clermont could muster despite coming into the match with five straight victories.Pelissie crossed the tryline twice, then kicked 21 points as his team ran in four tries in total and went top of the table, albeit temporarily. They will take great heart from the performance, which naturally stands them in good stead when they meet Stade Francais in Paris tonight.“He is clever, goes fast, tackles well – he is capable of doing great things, great things for now. The hardest part is to come, but he has his head on his shoulders.” said coach Fabien Galthié, who himself knows a thing or two about scrumhalf play having been capped 64 times for France.Pelissie has been a revelation this season, but it is still early days and he has said that he’s staying focussed solely on the season with Montpellier. You can be sure that with the talent and raw acceleration he has, we’ll see a lot more of him in the weeks to come.ADVERTISEMENT Posted By: rugbydump Share Send Thanks Sorry there has been an error Great Tries Related Articles 26 WEEKS AGO Incredible athleticism for sensational try… 26 WEEKS AGO ARCHIVE: Suntory score amazing try to upset… 26 WEEKS AGO WATCH: All 12 tries from EPIC Bristol-Clermont… From the WebThis Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s DeletedSecrets RevealedUrologists Stunned: Forget the Blue Pill, This “Fixes” Your EDSmart Life ReportsYou Won’t Believe What the World’s Most Beautiful Girl Looks Like TodayNueeyGranny Stuns Doctors by Removing Her Wrinkles with This Inexpensive TipSmart Life ReportsIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier Living30+ Everyday Items With A Secret Hidden PurposeNueeyThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancellast_img read more

House Refurbishment in Conde de Torrejon Street / Pablo Baruc

first_img Spain Save this picture!© Fernando Alda+ 23 Share Architects: Pablo Baruc Area Area of this architecture project 2016 House Refurbishment in Conde de Torrejon Street / Pablo Baruc ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard CopyAbout this officePablo BarucOfficeFollowProductsConcreteBrick#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesRefurbishmentRenovationSevilleSpainPublished on September 26, 2016Cite: “House Refurbishment in Conde de Torrejon Street / Pablo Baruc ” [Rehabilitación de vivienda Unifamiliar en Calle Conde de Torrejón / Pablo Baruc] 26 Sep 2016. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogShowershansgroheShower MixersEducational3MProjection Screen Whiteboard FilmPartitionsSkyfoldWhere to Increase Flexibility in SchoolsLinoleum / Vinyl / Epoxy / UrethaneTerrazzo & MarbleTerrazzo in The Gateway ArchSkylightsLAMILUXGlass Skylight FE PassivhausConcreteKrytonSmart ConcreteMetallicsTrimoMetal Panels for Roofs – Trimoterm SNVWire MeshGKD Metal FabricsMetal Fabric in Kansas City University BuildingGlassDip-TechDigital Ceramic Curved Glass PrintingMetallicsRHEINZINKZinc Roof Systems – Double Lock Standing SeamChairs / StoolsFreifrauBarstool – OnaSealants / ProtectorsWoodenha IndustriesFireproofing System for Wood Cladding – BIME®More products »Read commentsSave想阅读文章的中文版本吗?Conde de Torrejon 街道住宅整修 / Pablo Baruc是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Projects Manufacturers: Akros, VosséBudget:110.000,00 €Architect In Charge:Pablo BarucCollaborators:Ana Benítez MoralesCity:SevilleCountry:SpainMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Fernando AldaRecommended ProductsDoorsLibartVertical Retracting Doors – Panora ViewPorcelain StonewareApariciPorcelain Tiles – BuildDoorsVitrocsaGlass Technology in Hotel BeaulacPorcelain StonewareGrespaniaPorcelain Tiles- CoverlamText description provided by the architects. The house located in the old city center of Seville, Spain. The project is a low cost intervention in an old small house built in 1958. The house has an irregular shape which is considered one of the characteristics of the area. Save this picture!© Fernando AldaThe intervention focuses on creating a modern and functional house. Starting with the research and study of the house typology and how to keep and reinforce its authenticity while at the same time allowing it to answer to contemporary living standards. The main reason for the house ́s adaptation process was to arise its historical footprints using creative resources at the lowest cost possible. Save this picture!© Fernando AldaSave this picture!PlanSave this picture!© Fernando AldaThis new structure was painted in dark gray to easily make the distinction between what has been renovated and what was left as it is. The new steel structure is not connected with the original wall structure. The newly built wall was painted white as a neutral background, and so is the original brick wall with lime mortar. Save this picture!© Fernando AldaSave this picture!SectionSave this picture!© Fernando AldaIn general, the material that had been used are the same material which represents the characteristics of the area but with contemporary techniques, in order to keep the house related to its zone without it being the odd one. The staircase has been fully covered with glass, to provide natural light. The main structural element consists of an existing brick compound wall that formed all the edges of the house accentuating its natural material palette. the ground floor which consists of the garage, bathroom, and bedrooms. Its slab is completely made of concrete. As for the first floor slab, it is made from wood. The furniture and stairs are made of chestnut wood. Save this picture!© Fernando AldaProject gallerySee allShow lessTown Hall Uppsala / Henning LarsenUnbuilt ProjectSneak Peek: Zaha Hadid Architects’ Nanjing International Youth Culture CenterArchitecture News Share CopyHouses, Renovation•Seville, Spain Year:  Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Area:  180 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Houses “COPY” “COPY” House Refurbishment in Conde de Torrejon Street / Pablo BarucSave this projectSaveHouse Refurbishment in Conde de Torrejon Street / Pablo Baruc ArchDaily ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboardlast_img read more


first_imgPhotographs:  Hiroyuki Oki “COPY” Houses Area:  775 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project 2017 D House / KIENTRUC OSave this projectSaveD House / KIENTRUC OSave this picture!© Hiroyuki Oki+ 27Curated by María Francisca González Share Lead Architect: ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Vietnam Projects Design Team:An-Ni Lê, Dân Hồ, Tài Nguyễn, Duy Tăng, Nhung HồCountry:VietnamMore SpecsLess Specs Save this picture!© Hiroyuki OkiText description provided by the architects. To what extent will the architecture of a house sought to become in a constant changing contemporary context?Save this picture!© Hiroyuki OkiRecommended ProductsDoorsGorter HatchesRoof Hatch – RHT AluminiumEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System –  LINEAEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesAlucoilStructural Honeycomb Panels – LarcoreWoodSculptformTimber Click-on BattensSave this picture!PerspectiveSave this picture!© Hiroyuki OkiFast changing society put architecture at a point to which it has to change quickly to adapt to the demand of new functions or commercialization, and the frequency of changes is both ambiguous and persistent. If a place is defined just by the focus on values, to what extent will the house support the ambivalent reality of economic value and function, while retaining its core architectural one, which is nurture, stability, and permanence?Save this picture!© Hiroyuki OkiWitnessing the course of alterations, the architects behind the design are confronted with an open-ended question on how a house should grow, pondering on which part is the heart that will retain its core architectural intention, while the remaining chunk of the house will be free for modifications.Save this picture!© Hiroyuki OkiSave this picture!AxonometricSave this picture!© Hiroyuki OkiCommission to renovate a friend house, KIENTRUC O chose to fill in the context by subtracting the site with a void. The house is a seventy years old colonial villa that sits on one of the busiest roads in the heart of the city. The original house is a brick building that later expanded with an additional separate steel structure at the back of the house twenty years ago.Save this picture!© Hiroyuki OkiConfronted with the constant chaos of the city, the house juxtaposes against its urban context by introverting itself through spatial subtraction, creating a void that denotes its noisy context, only to remain a moment of internal monologue, poetic stillness, reflection, contemplation, and connection. Elliptical in geometry, the void carves along the horizontal side of the house toward the steel structure to the back, continuing upward to the roof forming the receding pattern of the floors above. The spatial abstraction of the void’s geometry is materialized.Save this picture!© Hiroyuki OkiSave this picture!Courtesy of KIENTRUC OSave this picture!© Hiroyuki OkiArchitecture has changed since commercialization. It does not just convey aesthetic as how it used to be, but more commercial construed, whose logic at some point in the future will expire, and it rather expires quickly. As the void sits in silence, denoted of distractions, it is the embodiment of the purity of emotion, triggering a sense of subtlety in the Vietnamese understanding of nature, despite the ambiguity of programmatic function.Originally published on September 05, 2017Save this picture!© Hiroyuki OkiProject gallerySee allShow less7 Movies in Which the Interiors Take on the Leading RoleArticlesSt. Vincent Place Residence / Coy Yiontis ArchitectsSelected Projects Sharecenter_img ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard “COPY” Year:  D House / KIENTRUC O ArchDaily CopyHouses, Renovation•Vietnam Photographs Đàm Vũ Architects: KIENTRUC O Area Area of this architecture project CopyAbout this officeKIENTRUC OOfficeFollowProductsGlassSteelConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesRefurbishmentRenovationIcebergVietnamPublished on March 24, 2020Cite: “D House / KIENTRUC O” 24 Mar 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogBathroom AccessorieshansgroheBath & Shower ThermostatsGlass3MGlass Finish – FASARA™ NaturalPartitionsSkyfoldVertically Folding Operable Walls – Mirage®WindowsVitrocsaSliding Window – Mosquito NetSinksBradley Corporation USASinks – Verge LVG-SeriesMetal PanelsTrimoQbiss One in Equinix Data CentreSignage / Display SystemsGoppionDisplay Case – Q-ClassMetal PanelsLongboard®Aluminum Battens – Link & Lock – 4″Sports ApplicationsPunto DesignPunto Fit in Ekaterinburg Public SpaceWoodBlumer LehmannFree Form Structures for Wood ProjectsKnobsKarcher DesignDoor Knob K390 (50)TablesVitsœ621 Side TableMore products »Save想阅读文章的中文版本吗?椭圆形天井,建筑的独白:D House / KIENTRUC O是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

Protest supports California prisoners’ demands

first_imgPhoto: Karen ShusterCorcoran Prison, Calif. — It was a day so hot you could easily fry an egg on the sidewalk, a day best spent next to the comfort of an air conditioner. Yet, despite the excruciating 100-plus heat, on July 13 over 400 people from all over California drove to a desolate Central Valley dungeon called California State Prison — Corcoran to support over 30,000 prisoners who are on hunger strike at prisons throughout this state.On July 8, prompted by broken promises and the refusal of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation to honor agreements made two years ago to end long-term solitary confinement in this state’s Security Housing Units, thousands of prisoners went on hunger strike and refused to work their prison jobs.Within a few days, this strike and work stoppage was joined by over 30,000 prisoners, with solidarity actions by family members, supporters and human rights activists around the world.The hunger strike demands were the same as two years ago, when over 6,600 prisoners joined the first protest. The prisoners demanded an end to long-term, open-ended SHU confinement, the current debriefing policy of “snitch or die” — the only way out of the SHU is to give up information about other prisoners — and basic human rights demands around adequate food, phone calls and visits.The July 13 support demonstration at Corcoran brought out a multinational crowd of family members, former prisoners, prison abolitionists and their supporters.In a prepared statement, Danny Murillo, a former prisoner who spent more than seven years in the SHUs at Tehachapi and Pelican Bay prisons, said: “I support the hunger strike because it is an act of resistance by those that the system has cast off as less than human and unworthy of human dignity. I have witnessed numerous individuals, primarily Latino and Black inmates, being targeted because they hold in their possession drawings of Aztec, Mayan, or other indigenous cultures, or for having books by Malcolm X or George Jackson.“What this policy says to me is that the culture, heritage, the memory of your ancestors, and your political identity are a violation of CDCR regulations and because of this violation you can be placed in solitary confinement in a cell for 22 and a half hours per day for the duration of your sentence, which could range from a couple of months to the rest of your life.” Manuel La Fontaine, a former prisoner and organizer with All of Us Or None and the Prisoner Hunger Strike Solidarity Coalition, who worked tirelessly all day on the logistics of the protest, was heartened by the “brotherhood and sisterhood” expressed by the family members who came to the protest. He noted that many family members were empowered for the first time while sharing the stories and pictures of their incarcerated loved ones.The protest was organized by a large coalition of organizations, including the Prisoner Hunger Strike Solidarity Coalition, All of Us Or None, Brown Berets, Homies Unidos, California Coalition of Women Prisoners, Critical Resistance and others.Two years ago, prisoners suspended their hunger strike to give the CDCR time to act on its promises to change its solitary confinement policies. Not surprisingly, nothing major changed. This time around, according to the Pelican Bay SHU Corridor prisoners — organizers of the 2011 and 2013 hunger strike actions — prisoners will not end their hunger strike and work stoppage until all five demands are met.The prisoners are asking all those in solidarity with the strikers to show their support by signing the online petition to Gov. Jerry Brown, calling his office, spreading the word and organizing local solidarity actions. For more information about this fight for prisoners’ human rights, check out thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

More human rights websites blocked on information ministry’s orders

first_imgNews to go further News January 22, 2009 – Updated on January 20, 2016 More human rights websites blocked on information ministry’s orders News Coronavirus “information heroes” – journalism that saves lives Follow the news on Bahrain October 14, 2020 Find out more Help by sharing this information Reporters Without Borders deplores the directive which the information ministry sent to Internet Service Providers on 14 January ordering them to block access to certain political and commercial websites and warning that only the information ministry could take the decision to unblock a website. At least 25 sites have been blocked since the directive was issued. “Even if the blocking of a political website is nothing new in Bahrain, this directive confirms that the government wants to retain its power to censor the Internet,” Reporters Without Borders said. “The fact that the Internet filtering is also targeting human rights websites indicates that this order is a first step in the reinforcement of online surveillance. We urge the information ministry so rescind this order and lift the blocking.” Proxy websites, which enable Internet users to sidestep censorship, have also been blocked since 14 January. When Internet users try to connect to one the sites, they find a message saying: “Site Blocked: This website has been blocked by the order of the Ministry of Culture and Information based on Article 19 of decree Law No. 47, 2002 regarding the organisation of the press, printing and publishing in the Kingdom of Bahrain, due to the publication of prohibited content on the aforementioned site.” June 15, 2020 Find out more BahrainMiddle East – North Africa RSF_en Tenth anniversary of Bahraini blogger’s arrest Receive email alerts Organisation News The websites of the Bahrain Centre for Human Rights and the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (Hrinfo) have been blocked for more than two years. A total of 69 news websites are currently blocked in Bahrain. Law No. 47 of 2002 empowers the government to close a publication or website that is deemed to have attacked the government, the official state religion, public decency or other religions in a manner likely to disturb the peace. Officials can order the closure without referring to a court first. Article 5 of a new media law that is currently before parliament would protect Internet publications from summary closure by the government. Reporters Without Borders calls on the authorities and parliament to allow online media to benefit from this provision. The list of blocked websites: BahrainMiddle East – North Africa March 17, 2021 Find out more German spyware company FinFisher searched by public prosecutorslast_img read more

Two Eritrean journalists captured in Somalia held with “foreign fighters”

first_imgNews RSF_en to go further Organisation EthiopiaAfrica News Reporters Without Borders called today on the Somali and Ethiopian governments to explain why two Eritrean state TV journalists had been held in secret after being arrested late last year along with several Somalis and foreigners near the border with Kenya.“Like many other foreign journalists, they were reporting on the situation in Somalia and were not foreign fighters, as those arrested with them appear to be,” the worldwide press freedom organisation said. “They were journalists from one of the world’s most closed-off and repressive countries and we fear for their safety, whether they continue to be held or are returned to their own country.”“The Ethiopian and Somali governments must explain why they are not giving any information about them and must intelligently handle this dangerous situation for both journalists.”Saleh Idris Gama, of the Eritrean state-run Eri-TV, and cameraman Tesfalidet Kidane Tesfazghi, vanished in Mogadishu late last year while covering fighting between the Union of Islamic Courts and the federal transitional government. The Somali government did not reply to a Reporters Without Borders request in February as to whether they were being held or had been killed in the fighting.The Eritrean foreign ministry asked Kenya on 5 April to speedily obtain the release of three Eritrean citizens and send them home. It said Kenya had handed them over to the Somalis on 20 January after arresting them in late December and detaining them illegally for more than three weeks. It did not say what they were doing when they were picked up or where they were.The third Eritrean, said by Eritrea to be Osman Mohammed Berhan, is not an employee of the state-run Radio Dimtsi Hafash, contrary to earlier reports. In a letter to the opposition website from prison in Kenya on 18 January, he said his name was Samson Yeman Berhan and that he had been sent to Somalia by the Eritrean government under a false name along with other Eritreans.Reporters Without Borders asked Somalia’s National Security Agency on 4 April for information on the Eritrean journalists and for a phone number to call them, but the request was refused. They and the Somalis and foreigners arrested near the border have reportedly been transferred to a prison in Addis Ababa. EthiopiaAfrica Help by sharing this information April 13, 2007 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Two Eritrean journalists captured in Somalia held with “foreign fighters” Receive email alerts February 10, 2021 Find out more May 18, 2021 Find out more RSF condemns NYT reporter’s unprecedented expulsion from Ethiopia Ethiopia arbitrarily suspends New York Times reporter’s accreditation May 21, 2021 Find out more Journalist attacked, threatened in her Addis Ababa home Reporters Without Borders called today on the Somali and Ethiopian governments to explain why two Eritrean state TV journalists had been held in secret after being arrested late last year along with several Somalis and foreigners near the border with Kenya. News Follow the news on Ethiopia Newslast_img read more

Recent Judgement Of The Supreme Court In Arjun Khotkar: A Missed Opportunity To Revisit 65B

first_imgColumnsRecent Judgement Of The Supreme Court In Arjun Khotkar: A Missed Opportunity To Revisit 65B Yuvraj P. Narvankar20 July 2020 8:59 AMShare This – xFinally, the reference to the larger Bench in Arjun Khotkar v. Kailash Gorantyal[1] was answered by the Three Judge Bench on 14th July 2020 apparently halting the swinging pendulum swinging between P V Anvar[2], Tomso Bruno[3] and Shafhi Mohammad[4]. The Judgment was eagerly awaited not only for judicial certainty but to decide course of judicial treatment of the electronic evidence…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginFinally, the reference to the larger Bench in Arjun Khotkar v. Kailash Gorantyal[1] was answered by the Three Judge Bench on 14th July 2020 apparently halting the swinging pendulum swinging between P V Anvar[2], Tomso Bruno[3] and Shafhi Mohammad[4]. The Judgment was eagerly awaited not only for judicial certainty but to decide course of judicial treatment of the electronic evidence in the digital era to come. Though this Judgments obviates any need to revisit the verdict in Anvar PV, it leaves many issues unattended. This whole saga around 65B of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 began in Navjot Sandhu[5] where the Supreme Court overlooked non obstante clause which in fact gave a clear overriding effect to section 65B over other sections, when evidence was digital evidence. In doing so, it imported the provisions of section 65 to hold that since the original servers are not easily movable one of the conditions of section 65 for adducing secondary evidecne stands complied and hence secondary evidence in the form of printouts can be adduced. It then also imported provisions of section 63 to hold that the printouts are copies made by mechanical process and hence constitute secondary evidence and therefore can be adduced in evidence. By invoking these two sections, which were meant for paper documents when enacted, the Supreme Court bypassed the entire set of special procedure laid down by scheme of section 65A and section 65B together, making the same completely optional. This view held the field for almost a decade till the three Judges Bench of the Supreme Court in Anvar PV overruled Navjot Sandhu and held 65B to be a complete code of the subject and compliance with 65B mandatory. This was again diluted substantially in in Shafhi Mohammad by two judges’ bench allowing exemption from compliance with 65B in appropriate and just cases. This view of the Division Bench as against the three judges bench view in Anvar PV not only aggravated the uncertainty already prevailing, but also raised the questions of judicial propriety. The extreme rigidity shown in Anvar PV in favour of 65B was certainly a cause of worry but so also the extreme laxity shown in Tomso Bruno and Shafhi Mohd. rendering 65B virtually otiose. For the legal fraternity caught in these two extremes, the pendulum was constantly swinging and hence the reference by the Division Bench to a larger bench in the case of Arjun Khotkar[6] certainly came as a relief and heightened expectations for greater clarity. However larger bench reference judgement in Arjun Khotkar, poses even graver questions than it seeks to resolve. In this judgement, Supreme Court has again underlined the distinction between primary and secondary evidence and held that the primary evidence (i.e. the original hard drive or CD) would not need certification of 65B, effectively liberating it from its clutches and it is only the copy of such original electronic evidence (secondary evidence, so as to say) would need the compliance with Section 65B. Unfortunately, though the judgement extensively refers to the international legislations, it fails to refer to technical aspects of any electronic data, which, in fact, should have been the centre of discussion. Any technical literature will testify that there does not exist anything as a primary and secondary in the word of digital evidence and in case of any computer. Neither the data that is fed into the computer nor its output is ever in readable format. Therefore ‘original electronic data’ is never readable. It is always in binary (which is unreadable for human eye) format. It is only through data processing and conversion; it is converted into readable format. So, what one sees with his eyes on any screen is always the secondary rendition of the original. In other word, the original of the electronic data can never be seen unless its converted into secondary. It is the computer which makes the input and output readable for the user or human eye. Most importantly any computer information or record can be undetectably edited or copied and is so edited or copied on networks without any ability of the user to even know that its edited or copied. Therefore, the concept of ‘original’ is completely alien to the electronic world. This concept of ‘original’ strictly belongs to the world of ‘paper documents’. In fact, it is to get rid of all these concepts revolving around paper documents that the section 65B begins with Non obstante clause. It is a technical misnomer to say that if the original Hard Drive or CD is produced, it constitutes primary evidence and hence it does not require the certification. Any computer output is merely a ‘representation’ of primary evidence which lies in binary format. Therefore, every single Hard Drive or CD falls within ambit of Section 65B and requires its compliance. Otherwise the word ‘notwithstanding’ would be redundant and one brings in the same logic of Navjot Sandhu through backdoor by importing concepts of ‘primary’ and ‘secondary’ evidence in the world of digital evidecne. Even the language used by Section 65B supports this interpretation. E.g. One of the condition of Section 65B certificate is that “during the said period, information of the kind contained in the electronic record or of the kind from which the information so contained is derived was regularly fed into the computer”. Had the section been really concerned only about mere computer printout or CD, there was no need to mention about the regularity of input. Even three other conditions mentioned in 65B(2), which are required to be compulsorily complied with, can be attributes of only original electronic record. In fact, first reading of Section 65B(4) also indicates that the certificate should deal with the electronic record which is ‘produced’ by the computer or manner of its ‘production’ etc. The word ‘produced’ does not mean mere ‘printout’ or ‘writing or copying of CD’. The CCTV footage or biometric record would also be electronic record ‘produced’ by computer since it is always ‘system generated’. Any information contained on any hard drive would be the one which is recorded or stored by the computer. There is no question of any primary or secondary version. This approach is universally adopted in treatment of the Electronic Evidence. In fact the opening words of section 65B provide “any information contained in an electronic record which is printed on a paper, stored, recorded or copied in optical or magnetic media produced by a computer… shall be deemed to be also a document, if the conditions mentioned in this section are satisfied in relation to the information and computer in question and shall be admissible in any proceedings.” Therefore, even if someone produces the electronic record in the form of an original hard drive, it will amount to information contained in an electronic record which is stored in magnetic media (as defined above) and would inevitably require compliance of the conditions mentioned in the section. If someone produces CD, it will amount to information contained in an electronic record which is recorded in optical media and would still attract Section 65B and its conditions. A simple illustration would indicate the fallacy of this distinction between primary and secondary. If certain computer or machine is receiving incorrect input, then the output is also bound to be incorrect. This, in the technical language is known as the principal of ‘Garbage in Garbage out’. In such an eventuality the correctness of the original record itself has to be scrutinized and certified. And presently it can be done by complying with Section 65B since there does not exist any other provision to authenticate electronic evidence. This is precisely the reason that 65B uses the words ‘any information contained in an electronic record which is printed on a paper, stored, recorded or copied in optical or magnetic media produced by a computer. The interpretation by the reference bench in Arjun Khotkar’s case may open Pandora’s Box since all the digital evidence would be straightaway admitted into evidence without compliance with 65B, moment one gets the original device to the court, though the original device may be full of errors and software bugs. The second major anomaly in the verdict in Arjun Khotkar’s case seems to be blank withdrawal of the special privilege or exemption granted in by Shafhi Mohammad to whistleblowers for proving of electronic records. In the cases when the electronic record is produced from the custody of the person who is not in charge of the computer system, Shafhi Mohammad exempted the proponent of electronic evidence from rigorous compliance with 65B. The reason was simple. It will be almost impossible for person to obtain 65B certificate from stranger authority or organisation, who happens to be in charge of concerned computer-system. Arjun Khotkar alters this position substantially and suggests an alternative. Supreme Court refers to several provisions in the civil and criminal law[7] whereby a court can be compel any party or person to file affidavit or produce a document and the Supreme Court holds that such provisions can be invoked by the court, to ensure compliance with section 65B by directing concerned person or entity for producing the Certificate of Section 65B. Though, apparently this alternative looks attractive, it involves several practical and constitutional hazards. For example, in a case where RTI activists obtains certain electronic data from the system of the respondent Government entity, then it is absolutely unlikely that such respondent would ever give certificate of 65B, howsoever one tries. And even if it chooses to, the correctness of its contents would be highly susceptible to doubts since any Lacunae in such a certificate would ultimately benefit the respondent by weakening the case of proponent of electronic evidence. In fact, this very case of Arjun Khotkar is a saga of administrative apathy for providing certification of 65B. The Supreme Court narrates in detail the futile efforts of the respondent for obtaining 65B certification and in fact, condones the requirement of compliance with 65B looking at the best efforts made by the respondents. If this can happen in Arjun Khotkar, it can happen in any case and there such condonation would not be possible in the light of this verdict. Most importantly, even if the court invokes aforementioned provision and directs such respondent or entity to produce and comply with 65B mandate by filing certificate, such compulsion would be directly hit by celebrated constitutional guarantee of right against self-incrimination enshrined in Article 20(3). For example, if some data is captured from the computer of the accused, then to compel the accused to give 65B certificate would clearly amount to self-incrimination and would violate the right granted by Article 20(3)[8] of the Constitution of India. In insisting for rigorous compliance with Section 65B, what is probably also neglected is the language of Section 65A. 65A provides as follows: Section 65A: Special provisions as to evidence relating to electronic record.—The contents of electronic records may be proved in accordance with the provisions of section 65B. Use of word ‘may’ clearly indicates that 65B was devised to be merely an enabling mechanism to be availed of in appropriate situations. To make it only and concrete code on the subject of digital evidence would be ignoring extremely dynamic and ever-changing realm of electronic evidence. In fact, the portion that really needed the clarification in Shafhi Mohammad was last line in Para 30 follows “Accordingly, we clarify the legal position on the subject on the admissibility of the electronic evidence, especially by a party who is not in possession of device from which the document is produced. Such party cannot be required to produce certificate under Section 65-B(4) of the Evidence Act. The applicability of requirement of certificate being procedural can be relaxed by the court wherever interest of justice so justifies.” (Para 30). The exemption for the whistleblowers could be understood but granting relaxation ‘wherever interest of justice so justifies’ was absolutely vague rendering the entire rigour of Section 65B and mandate in PV Anvar otiose. But the whole thing went out instead of one line closing all the doors for any electronic evidence except Section 65B The last but not the least error appears to be the interpretation of section 65B(4), which reads as 65B(4) In any proceedings where it is desired to give a statement in evidence by virtue of this section, a certificate doing any of the following things, that is to say,- The Supreme Court has read ‘all’ in place of ‘any’ by placing reliance on certain judgements[9]. In doing so unfortunately no efforts were made to discuss the facts of the said judgments which necessitated such judicial re-writing of words. Unless warranted by gravity of the situation, such judicial replacement of phrase is not only against the golden rule of interpretation but also clear legislative intent. What 65B (4), really mandates is compliance with ‘any’ of the conditions mentioned in 65B(4). In fact, the most crucial phrase in the scheme of section 65B was “certificate doing any of the following”. Thus, the choice was completely left with the proponent of electronic evidence to give certificate which deals with ‘any of the conditions mentioned in Section 65B(4)’. However, the Supreme Court now mandates the compliance of ‘all’ conditions. If compliance with ‘all’ conditions is insisted, it would lead to absolutely absurd consequences. For example, a hacker hacks into a computer system and installs a malware causing a substantial loss to the owner of the computer system. In the proceedings for compensation, the owner cannot be compelled to say on affidavit that ‘such data was regularly fed in his computer in the regular and ordinary course of business’ since hacking and installation of malware was a solitary instance and compelling the owner to comply with ‘All’ the conditions will actually be compelling him to lie on oath. Precisely for this reason, choice was given to the proponent of electronic evidence to mention only those factors in his 65B certificate which he considers to be relevant and which are applicable in each individual case, instead of insisting for an omnibus certificate. The words ‘any of the following’ give proponent a great and much needed flexibility in the world of digital evidence. Such literal interpretation would have also taken care of the situations, where fulfilment of all the conditions mentioned in Section 65B(2) was not possible for whistleblower to lack of his personal knowledge of the computer system. The legislative intent seems to be that the Certificate should deal with only applicable and appropriate conditions. Unfortunately, this issues left unattended by this judgement. Another visible contradiction that appears from the judgement is the stage for production of 65B certificate. At one stage the judgement allows production of the certificate at any stage before the trial begins, in order to protect the rights of the respondent or accused. Whereas in para 57, it recognizes the right of the court to insist for production of the certificate at any time before the trial is over. Another crucial aspect this Judgment ought to have dealt with was ‘prospective overruling’. Whilst the Judgment in Navjot Sandhu held the filed for almost a decade, there were several trials where no compliance with Section 65B was made on account of the allowance made by the Supreme Court in Navjot Sandhu. There is big question mark in such trials particularly where they are at the verge of the end or already decided and now pending in Appeal. Failure to comply with the mandate of Section 65B can fatally effect the outcome of such trials and appeals in the light of mandate of Anvar PV now re-confirmed in Arjun Khotkar. Specification of cut-off date for application of law as enunciated would have obviated several untoward consequences. The data retention guidelines mentioned also in paragraph 62 were much-needed relief but can never replace the imminent need of comprehensive code on this subject through rule making or legislation. There is big void in the field of E-Discovery and Uniform standards for handling of digital evidence, which should have been addressed but they have to wait for another day. Though the judgement is a certainly laudable effort to reconcile the conflicting positions as arising from different judgements and provide greater clarity, there were several aspects which required attention and revisit, where it seems to be a golden but missed opportunity. Views are personal only(Author is a Practising Lawyer at High Court & Supreme Court) [1] Civil Appeal No. 20825-20826 of 2017 [2] Anvar P.V. v. P.K. Bashir & Ors. (2014)10 SCC 473 (Three Judge Bench decision of Supreme Court) [3] Tomaso Bruno & Anr v. State of Uttar Pradesh (2015)7 SCC 178 [4] Shafhi Mohammad v. State of Himachal Pradesh (2018)2 SCC 801 (Division Bench Judgment of Supreme Court) [5] (2005) 11 SCC 600 : 2005 SCC (Cri) 1715 [6] Arjun Panditrao Khotkar v. Kailash Kushanrao Gorantyal & Ors. 2019 SCC OnLine SC 1553 [7] Order XVI of Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, Section 91 and 349 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 [8] the Constitution of India Article 20(3): No person accused of any offence shall be compelled to be a witness against himself. [9] Bansilal Agarwalla v. State of Bihar (1962)1 SCR 33 and Om Prakash v. Union of India (2010)4 SCC 17 Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

End of employment law as we know it?

first_imgEnd of employment law as we know it?On 9 Oct 2001 in Personnel Today Related posts:No related photos. A more sane approach to settling disputes is to look to the workplace foranswers, says Mike EmmottDeregulation has been on the UK political agenda now for two decades. Whatis there to show for it in relation to the employment relationship? Most employers would say little or nothing. While both major politicalparties have pledged to tackle the issue, and the present Government hasirritated the trade unions with its claims to be “business-friendly”,the last few years have seen an increase, not a reduction, in the rate at whichnew employment law has reached the statute book. Is deregulation simply anempty slogan? Nobody is arguing against minimum legal standards for employees on issuessuch as pay and safety. But employment law has gone well beyond this. The European Commission has enthusiastically promoted legislation on issuesincluding part-time, fixed-term and agency work, “posted” workers andhours. But even the Commission may be starting to run out of steam in finding newareas of the employment relationship to legislate about, focusing instead onpromoting flexibility, social inclusion and full employment. There are some encouraging signs that the Government is looking for ways toavoid imposing unnecessary further obligations on employers. Secretary of Statefor Trade and Industry Patricia Hewitt has appointed a task force to recommendways of promoting flexible working with a “light touch”. This partlyreflects the Government’s stated preference for adopting solutions that employersand unions can both support. But another answer is that people are beginning to question how effectiveemployment law has been in achieving its objectives. UK legislation has neverbeen noted for its clarity of purpose, preferring to require or outlaw specificbehaviour, rather than adopt broad declarations of intent. In general, however, employment law is generally seen to operate byprotecting individual employees and/or promoting good practice by employers. How far has the law succeeded in these two ambitions? By and large, it isremarkable how little we know about the answer to this question. In practice, the provision for enforcement through employment tribunals hasproduced a curiously lopsided result. Three-quarters of claimants withdrawtheir claim or are “bought off” by an offer of compensation from theemployer. But what about the majority of staff who don’t bring tribunal claims or seekadvice from their union or Citizens’ Advice Bureau? The short answer is we have little idea how far their rights are respected.The answer may be that in many instances employers are either unaware of thelaw or choose to ignore it. Take as an example the current working time regulations. Research by the DTIand by the CIPD confirms that they have had little impact so far on the numberof hours worked, which was clearly one of the key intentions underlying the EUdirective on which the regulations were based. Many employees have agreed to”opt out” of their legal entitlement, others see the regulations as athreat to their overtime earnings. Most managers who voluntarily work longhours are probably not covered by the regulations. The net effect on workers’health seems likely to have been insignificant. The current enforcement machinery in the UK fails to protect individualemployees from bad managers. It is an unlikely tool for promoting “goodpractice” among employers, who are forced instead into adopting a”compliance” mentality. Taken with the efforts to establish a non-legalistic form of individual arbitrationfor unfair dismissal claims, the recent consultation paper on employmenttribunals appears to reflect a sea change in Government thinking. It looks likean implicit acceptance that piling up new employment rights has a limitedfuture unless more cost-effective ways can be found to implement those rights. One way towards a more sane system may be to accept that workplace issuesare primarily about resolving differences between employers and employees, andrely less heavily on legal process and precedent. Other countries with a commonlaw background, including the US and New Zealand, have been ready to followthis route: why not us? Mike Emmott is the CIPD’s employee relations adviser Comments are closed. Previous Article Next Articlelast_img read more

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